Visiting Scholars from the University of Ottawa Conduct a Seminar on ‘Measuring the Contribution of Stratification and Social Class at Birth to Inequality of Opportunity’

13 December 2022

Visiting Scholars from the University of Ottawa, Prof Paul Makdissi and Dr Myra A. Yazbeck, conducted a seminar on ‘Measuring the contribution of stratification and social class at birth to inequality of opportunity’ at IPS premises. Their research proposes a new analytical approach for measuring inequality of opportunity, distinguishing between inequalities due to identity-based stratification and social class at birth. Accordingly, the study bridges the gap in the literature on the measurement of inequality of opportunity and the economics of stratification.

The study offers an empirical application aiming at measuring the contribution of gender stratification to inequality of opportunity in Egypt between 1998 to 2018. This period captures an interesting time in Egypt since it witnessed uprisings related to the 2011 Arab Spring, which saw an increase in demand for more equity in the population. According to Prof Makdissi, confronted with an increased demand for equality, empirical evidence from their research suggests that the social system adjusted by decreasing the burden of inequalities of opportunity for the dominant group, men, while increasing it for the marginalised group, women. Prof Makdissi and Dr Yazbeck noted that their proposed analytical model could be adapted to other contexts where stratification is another identity marker. It can also be adapted to incorporate multiple identities and assess the impact of the intersectionality of discrimination.

IPS organised the event to encourage collaborative research with international scholars on socio-economic policy issues relevant to Sri Lanka and the wider Asian region.

Measuring the Contribution of Stratification
Measuring the Contribution of Stratification
Measuring the Contribution of Stratification
Measuring the Contribution of Stratification