The Uruguay Round and MFA Quota: The Textiles and Garment Industries in Sri Lanka: The Next 10 Years

Research team

Chris Edwards




The IPS Flagship Publication is available for sale from the IPS premises at No. 100/20, Independence Avenue, Colombo 07 (Tel: +94-11-2143107, +94-11-2143100), and bookshops island-wide. For more details, contact the IPS Publications Unit.


Published Year

May 1996


US$ 15 (for hardcopy)

This report sets out to examine the prospects of the Sri Lankan textiles and garment sector over the decade 1996-2005. Over this period, the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA) was due to be phased out. The main objective of the publication is to look at the prospects of the Sri Lankan industry in the light of the phasing-out of the MFA quotas.

Table of Contents:

What is there to gain or lose? The state of the Sri Lankan Textiles and garment industry
MFA quotas- What are they? And how do they work in Sri Lanka ?
Costs, technology and competitiveness-generally and in Sri Lanka
The ‘phasing-out’ of MFA quotas, global demand for textiles and garments and prospects for Sri Lankan Production
Appendix 1 Abbreviations
Appendix 2 Conversion Factors – square metres per unit
Appendix 3 Garment Exports – Sri Lanka 1993
Appendix 4 Quotas – Their Effects and Who Gains and Loses
Appendix 5 The Uruguay Round Agreement on Textiles and Clothing
Appendix 6 Exports of Garments from Sri Lanka to USA (1989-95)

by Chris Edwards