Why People Choose to Participate in the Non-Standard Forms of Employment in Sri Lanka

Research team

Priyanka Jayawardena
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Published Year

July 2017


US$ 15 (for hardcopy)

Workers of non-standard forms of employment are often subject to unstable employment, with insecure employer contracts, limited social security, low pay, poor working conditions, etc.  As of 2013, more than half of Sri Lanka’s of wage employees were engaged in non-standard forms of employment – temporary/casual workers or workers without a permanent employer. Given the uncertainty nature of their employment, such workers also find it more difficult to plan their lives in the long-term. Therefore, the need to promote more decent work in the country is an important policy objective. This calls for exploring ways of transforming non-standard forms of employment to work of greater quality. This study investigates how these non-standard forms of employment affect the workers in terms of job security, employment based social security coverage, and wages.  Further, this study investigates why such a large proportion of the workers choose to participate in the non-standard forms of employment and provides policy recommendations to safeguard the rights and benefits of workers.