Political Economy Analysis of the Alcohol Industry in Sri Lanka

The political economy of alcohol is a critical factor in determining a country’s alcohol control policy landscape. Factors such as the preferred form of alcohol, cultural and religious practices and norms, and public policy context, along with affordability, can contribute to a country’s vulnerability to an alcohol-related mortality crisis. Opposition from powerful interest groups, government bureaucracies, voters, and politicians, can further hinder the adoption of comprehensive alcohol policies. Therefore, it is essential to analyse the political economy factors, relationships, and power dynamics to effectively implement alcohol control policy changes.

In this context, this study aims to achieve the following three objectives:

  1. Identify the key decision-makers and influencers who determine alcohol policy in Sri Lanka, i.e., the actors involved.
  2. Understand the stance of these actors on alcohol control policies and their level of influence, i.e., the power dynamics.
  3. Identify credible and influential “message carriers” who can advocate for reform through insider advocacy.

Research team

Sunimalee Madurawala
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Kimuthu Kiringoda
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Vital Strategies: A Global Public Health Organization