Effective States and Engaged Societies: The Case of Sri Lanka

Tracing the trajectory of capacity development in developing countries that started from similar circumstances – for example, the legacy of colonialism, dependency on a few key commodities for foreign exchange earnings, populations that are multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-cultural, widespread poverty and underdevelopment – is useful, to provide insights into cases of good practices that may be transferable. The Sri Lanka case study complements a wider study of twelve African States because many commonalities did indeed exist in terms of the afore-mentioned factors. The Sri Lanka case study analyzed the following four research questions: The achievements of capacity development across the public sector, highlighting strengths and weaknesses today and changes over time (this encompassed regulatory governance, public financial management, civil service reform, public services in health and education): Indicators of state effectiveness – Indicators of inclusion / social engagement, Indicators of human resource development capacity, Indicators of aid effectiveness; demand-driven donor strategies and partnership

Research team

Malathy Knight-John
Amrit Rajapakse


World Bank, Washington, D.C

Published Year