This study will examine the economics of the carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction potential of different types of forest restoration programmes (both plantation and natural regeneration) as both a nature-based solution and a carbon-mitigation option in South Asia. It will explore the impacts of such restoration on rural livelihoods, including the distributional effects on gender and marginalised communities; assess the effectiveness of some of the financing mechanisms for restoring forests; and propose appropriate institutional arrangements for large-scale forest restoration programmes in South Asia. As such, this study aims to understand the economics of forest restoration as a potential nature-based solutions option, specifically the re-establishment of forest cover in degraded, recently harvested forests (reforestation), marginal or abandoned croplands and pastures (afforestation) in South Asia. The research will be conducted in four South Asian countries – Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
Economics of Forest Restoration: Forest Landscape Restoration in Selected Districts of Sri Lanka
Dr Erandathie Pathiraja
Dr Wathsala Gunawardane - University of Moratuwa
Nishantha Edirisinghe - Forest Department