Comprehensive Mapping of Reintegration Measures in South Asian Colombo Process Member States (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka)

Reintegration is an important aspect of labour migration from South Asia as a majority of migrant workers leave the region as temporary migrants, with the intention of returning back. Reintegration of a migrant involves re-establishment of economic, social and psychosocial ties back into a migrant’s country of origin or habitual residence. However, return migration takes place in different ways and under different conditions, leading to diverse challenges and opportunities for reintegration.

The aim of this study is to take stock of existing reintegration measures by comprehensively mapping same in specific South Asian Colombo Process member states, namely Afghanistan Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Nepal and Sri Lanka countries, and assess their effectiveness. The study would map in detail the availability of reintegration support mechanisms for returnees and their families and communities and assess their effectiveness on the contours of social, psychosocial and economic dimensions with gender consideration in achieving sustainable reintegration across the six identified countries.

Research team

Bilesha Weeraratne
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Manoj Thibbotuwawa
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Harini Weerasekera
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Thilini Bandara
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International Organization for Migration (IOM), Sri Lanka