Sri Lanka: State of the Economy 2004

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ISBN

955-8708-27-5

Published Year

2004

Price

US $ 15
Table of Contents

•  Policy Perspectives
•  Macroeconomic Performance
◊  Introduction
◊  Output Growth
◊  Employment and Unemployment
◊  Investment and Savings
◊  Fiscal Policy and Public Debt
♦  Revenue and Expenditure
♦  Public Debt
◊  Inflation and Monetary Developments
◊  Share Market Developments
◊  The External Sector
♦  External Debt
♦  Exchange Rate Movements
◊  Conclusion
•  International Environment
◊  Introduction
◊  Trends in the Global Economy
♦  Output Growth
♦  Commodity Markets and Inflation
♦  Financial Markets and Capital Flows
♦  International Trade
◊  Post Cancun Stalemate
◊  Implications for Sri Lanka
♦  Sri Lanka and FTAs
◊  Conclusion
•  Land Policy in Sri Lanka
◊  Introduction
◊  Land Availability
◊  Changes in Land Utilization
♦  Forest Land Use
♦  Agricultural Land Use
♦  Increase in Homesteads
♦  Change in Urban Land Use
◊  Policy Framework
◊  Land Markets
♦  Allocation and Transfer of Land Among Users and Uses
♦  Property Rights, Tenure Security and Land Rental Markets
♦  Sales Markets
◊  Co-existence of Traditional Markets and Intervention Policies
♦  Efficiency
♦  Equity
♦  Inter-temporal Efficiency and Conservation
♦  Illegal Utilization of Land
♦  Illegal Utilization of Land
♦  Externalities
♦  Fragmentation/Consolidation
♦  Transaction Cost
♦  Disputes and Social Conflicts
♦  Property Rights
◊  Summary and Policy Implications
•  National Education Policy: A Review
◊  Introduction
◊  Content of Education
◊  Instruments of Delivery
◊  Management of Delivery
◊  Equity of Access
◊  Approaches to Financing
♦  Adequacy of Funds
♦  Distribution of Funds
♦  Policy Implications
◊  Formulation and Implementation of Reform Agenda
•  Social Security Benefit Schemes in Sri Lanka
◊  Introduction
◊  Social Security: The Sri Lankan Context
♦  Origin and Development of Policies
◊  Income Profile of the Elderly in Sri Lanka
◊  Evaluation of Current Schemes
♦  Coverage of Existing Schemes
♦  Adequacy of Retirement Income
♦  Fiscal Implications
♦  Investment Performance
◊  Social Security Provision for Migrant Workers
◊  Conclusion and Policy Implications
•  Achieving MDGs in Sri Lanka: Current Status, Trends and Challenges
◊  Introduction
◊  MDGs: Goals, Targets and Indicators
◊  Goal 1: Eradicating Extreme Poverty and Hunger
♦  Poverty
♦  Hunger and Child Malnutrition
◊  Goal 2: Achieving Universal Primary Education
◊  Goal 3: Promoting Gender Equality
◊  Goal 4: Reducing Child Mortality
◊  Goal 5: Improving Maternal Health
◊  Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases
♦  HIV/AIDS
♦  Malaria
♦  Tuberculosis
◊  Goal 7: Ensuring Environmental Sustainability
◊  MDGs in Sri Lanka: A Comparison with South Asian Countries
◊  Issues and Challenges
•  Regulatory Impact Assessment: Opportunities and Challenges in Sri Lanka
◊  Introduction
◊  RIA: An Overview
♦  What is Regulation?
◊  Why RIA?
◊  Adopting RIA in Sri Lanka
◊  Regulation in Sri Lanka
♦  PUCSL
♦  TRC
◊  Challenges and Options
•  Natural Resources in Sri Lanka: Growth, Poverty Reduction and Environmental Protection
◊  Introduction
◊  Natural Resources: Growth, Poverty and Politics
◊  Water
◊  Forestry
◊  Protected Areas
◊  Sand Mining
◊  Fisheries
◊  Conclusion and Recommendations
•  Open Skies Policy for Sri Lanka?
◊  Introduction
◊  Regulation of International Air Services
◊  Sri Lanka’s Aviation Policy
◊  Sri Lanka’s Aviation Industry
◊  Policy Options for Liberalization
♦  Unilateral Liberalization
♦  Reciprocal Bilateral Liberalization
♦  Plurilateral
♦  Multilateral
◊  Conclusion
•  Monopolies and Mergers and Acquisitions Legislation: Policy Options for Sri Lanka
◊  Introduction
◊  Competition Policy: Why, for Whom and How?
◊  M&M Policy Issues
◊  Sri Lanka’s Experience with Monopoly and M&As Policy
◊  M&M Policy for Sri Lanka: Does it Need One?
•  Small and Medium Scale Authority and International Practices
◊  Introduction
◊  Present Institutional Support System for SMEs in Sri Lanka
◊  Small and Medium Enterprise Authority
◊  International Practices
♦  Israel
♦  Japan
♦  Pakistan
◊  Conclusion
•  US-Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement: Can It Help the Apparel Sector?
◊  Introduction
◊  US Textile and Apparel Industry
◊  Sri Lanka T&A Industry
◊  Benefits of a US-Sri Lanka FTA
◊  FTA Options Available to Sri Lanka
◊  Challenges Ahead and Conclusion
•  Threat from China for the Apparel Industry: Mirage and the Reality
◊  Introduction
◊  China’s Dominance
◊  Challenges to China’s Dominance in the Apparel Trade
◊  Threat and the Reality
◊  Conclusion
•  Anti-dumping Legislation: To Have or Not?
◊  Anti-dumping Duties: Definition and Design
◊  Arguments in Favour of Anti-dumping
♦  Antidote to Predatory Pricing
♦  ‘Sanctuary Market’ Argument
♦  Stop Disruption of Sporadic Dumping
Protecting Specific Communities
◊  The Case Against
♦  Traditional Benefits of Unilateral Trade Liberalization
♦  Resource Constraints
♦  Devil in the Details
♦  Safeguards Option
◊  The Path Ahead for Sri Lanka
•  Prospects
•  Diary of Events
•  Appendix A: Macroeconomic Indicators
•  Appendix B: Capital Market